Following do the factors that alter the choice of a flooring material
Initial cost:- The selection of flooring material mainly depends on the cost of the material. Floor coverings of marble etc. are very costly and may be used only for residential buildings.
Appearance:– Covering should give a pleasing appearance, i.e. it should produce the desired colour effect and architectural beauty. Floorings of terrazzo, mosaic, tile, and marble give a good appearance.
Cleanliness:- The flooring should be capable of being cleaned easily, and it should be non-absorbent. It should have effective resistance against the absorption of oil, grease, etc.
Durability:- The flooring should have sufficient resistance to wear, temperature changes, disintegration with time and decay so that long life is obtained. From this point of view, flooring of marble, terrazzo, tiles, concrete, mosaic, etc Is considered to be of the best type.
Damp resistance:- Flooring should offer sufficient resistance against dampness so that a healthy environment is obtained in the building. The flooring of concrete, terrazzo, mosaic etc. is equally preferred for this purpose, while flooring from wood, rubber, brick etc. is not suitable for damp conditions.
Sound Insulation:- Flooring should insulate the noise. Additionally, it should not be so that noise is produced when users walk on it. Cork flooring, rubber flooring also timber flooring are good from that point of view.
Thermal Insulation:- The flooring should offer reasonably good thermal insulation so that comfort is imparted to the residents of the building. A floor covering of wood, rubber, cork, and P.V.C. tiles is better for this purpose.
Fire resistance:- This is more important for the upper floors. The flooring material should offer sufficient fire resistance so that fire barriers are obtained between different levels of a building. Concrete, tiles, terrazzo, mosaic, and marble have good fire resistance.
Smoothness:- The flooring material should be smooth and should have an even surface. However, it should not be slippery.
Hardness:- It should be sufficiently hard to have resistance to indentation or mark caused by shifting of furniture, equipment etc.
Maintenance:- The flooring material should require the least maintenance.