Various Types of Roof Coverings for Pitched Roofs - Ishwaranand

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Various Types of Roof Coverings for Pitched Roofs

Roof Coverings for Pitched Roofs

  • Roof covering is a necessary component of a pitched roof, to be placed over the roof framework to preserve it from rain, snow, sun, wind and different atmospheric agency.
Roof Coverings for Pitched Roofs, roof coverings, pitched roofs, thatch covering, wood shingles, tiles , asbestos cement sheets, galvanized corrugated iron sheets, lightweight roofing,

Various types of roofing materials

  1. Type of building, 
  2. Type of roof framework,
  3. Initial cost,
  4. Maintenance requirements
  5. Fabrication facilities,
  6. Appearance and special features of the locality,
  7. Durability
  8. Availability of the material itself, and
  9. The climate of the locality.

Some following do the roof covering materials generally used for pitched roofs

  1. Thatch covering 
  2. Wood shingles
  3. Tiles 
  4. Asbestos cement sheets
  5. Galvanized corrugated iron sheets
  6. Eternit slates.
  7. Lightweight roofing.

Thatch covering

  • Here is this cheapest roof-covering, generally used in villages.
  • It s very light but is highly combustible.
  • It is unstable against high winds.
  • It absorbs moisture and is liable to decay.
  • Thatching roof-covering consists about bundles of reeds either straw.
  • The framework to support thatch consists of round bamboo rafters spaced 20 to 30 cm apart and tied with split bamboos laid at right angles to the rafters.
  • The thatch is tightly secured to the framework with the help of ropes or twines.
  • To drain some roof effectively, the smallest slope of 45° is kept.
  • Each thickness of thatch covering should about least be 15 cm.
Roof Coverings for Pitched Roofs, roof coverings, pitched roofs, thatch covering, wood shingles, tiles , asbestos cement sheets, galvanized corrugated iron sheets, lightweight roofing,

Wood shingle roofing

  • Shingles are light slabs of wood applied to cover roofs.
  • The application of shingles is restricted to hilly ranges anywhere local timber is easily available at cheap cost.
  • Though shingle roofing is lightweight, it is not fire and termite resistant.
  • Wood shingles act obtained of well-seasoned timber by either sawing rather splitting.
  • Sawn shingles are used chiefly, They are obtained in lengths varying from 30 to 40 cm and widths varying from 6cm to 25 cm.
  • People are generally 10 mm thick by the tail.
  • They are laid similarly as tiles and slates.

Tile roofing

  • The use of tiles for roofing is one of the oldest and is still preferred for residential buildings and country houses.
  • Here is because country tiles stand manufactured from sectionally available earth.
  • Tiles are classified according to their shape and pattern including they are manufactured by a process similar to the unit used for particular manufacture of bricks.
Roof Coverings for Pitched Roofs, roof coverings, pitched roofs, thatch covering, wood shingles, tiles , asbestos cement sheets, galvanized corrugated iron sheets, lightweight roofing,

The various types of tiles generally used are

  1. Plain or flat files.
  2. Curved or pan-tiles.
  3. Pot tiles or half-round country tiles.
  4. Spanish tiles.
  5. Italian or Allahabad tiles.
  6. Interlocking tiles.

Asbestos cement sheets (A.C. sheets)

  • Asbestos cement sheets are now increasingly becoming popular for industrial buildings, factories, sheds, cinema houses, auditorium, and even residential buildings since they are cheap, lightweight, tough, durable, watertight, fire-resisting.
  • The biggest advantage is that they are available in bigger units unlike tiles, and hence supporting framework (groundwork) is also cheaper, easier and lighter.
  • These sheets do not require any protective paint, and no elaborate maintenance is required.
  • Also, the construction with A.C. sheets is very fast. A.C. sheets are manufactured from asbestos, fibre (about 15%) and Portland cement.
  • Asbestos does a silky fibrous mineral manufactured up of metamorphosed volcanic rocks.
  • It is found in several varieties but white asbestos, which is a compound of magnesia and silica, is principally used.
  • In India, asbestos cement roof coverings are available in the following forms:
  • Everest big-six corrugated A.C. sheets.
  • Everest standard corrugated A.C. sheets.
  • Everest Trafford A.C. tiles (or sheets).
  • These' sheets have a length of 1.25 to 3 meters in increases of 15 cm. 
Roof Coverings for Pitched Roofs, roof coverings, pitched roofs, thatch covering, wood shingles, tiles , asbestos cement sheets, galvanized corrugated iron sheets, lightweight roofing,

Galvanized Iron corrugated sheets (G.I. sheets)

  • G.I. sheets are also widely used.
  • They are stronger than A.C. sheets. However, because of their higher cost others are now gradually displaced by A.C. sheets.
  • People are not accepted for slopes flatter than 1 in 4.
  • G.I. sheets stay made of iron sheets which are galvanized with zinc to protect them of rusting action of water also wet weather.
  • These sheets are fixed like the A.C. sheets. The end lap should not be less than 15 cm and The holes are either drilled or punched in the sheet crowns.
  • The sheets are secured to purlins through G.I. hook bolts, screws, furthermore nails, etc with rounded washers.
  • The sheets should be fixed to eaves through flat iron wind ties.
Roof Coverings for Pitched Roofs, roof coverings, pitched roofs, thatch covering, wood shingles, tiles , asbestos cement sheets, galvanized corrugated iron sheets, lightweight roofing,

Light Weight roofing

  • For wide-span industrial structures, it is desirable to reduce the weight of the roof, so that structural framing can economize.
  • Conventional roofing materials such as tiles, slates, etc. are heavy including requiring heavy framing to support them.

The lightweight roofing materials are of two types

  • Sheeting
  1. Aluminium sheets
  2. Asbestos cement sheets.
  • Decking
  1. Wood wool
  2. Straw board
  3. Aluminium and steel decking.

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