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Application of Hydraulic Ram

Hydraulic Ram

  • This hydraulic ram is any pump that raises water without any external power during its operation.
  • When a large quantity of water is available at a small height a small quantity of water can remain raised to a greater height with the help of hydraulic ram.
  • It works at the principle of a water hammer.
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Fig. shows some main components of the hydraulic ram.

  • While the inlet valve fitted into this supply pipe is opened water starts dripping from the supply tank to this chamber which has two valves at B also C. The valve B is called a waste valve also valve C is called the delivery valve.
  • That valve C is filled into an air vessel.
  • Being the water is coming inside the chamber from the supply tank the level of water rises in the chamber including waste valve B starts moving upward.
  • Each stage comes when the waste valve B suddenly closes.
  • That sudden closure of the waste valve creates high pressure inside the chamber.
  • That high-pressure force opens every delivery valve C.
  • Some water from the chamber enters the air vessel and also compresses the air inside the air vessel.
  • Here compressed air exerts a force on the water in some air vessels including a small quantity of water is raised to a greater height as shown in Fig.
  • During the water in the chamber loses its momentum, the waste valve B opens in the downward direction including the flow of water from the supply tank starts flowing to the chamber also the cycle will be repeated.
Application of Hydraulic Ram

Jet Pump Working Principle