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Masonry Construction | Types of Bond

Masonry Construction
Types of Bond

Type of Bond, Test on Bricks, Stretcher Bond, Header Bond, English Bond, Flemish Bond, Masons tools in Brick masonry

Types of Bond

  1. Stretcher Bond
  2. Header Bond
  3. English Bond
  4. Flemish Bond

A Stretcher Bond is Also called a Running Bond

Type of Bond, Test on Bricks, Stretcher Bond, Header Bond, English Bond, Flemish Bond, Masons tools in Brick masonry
  • In that bond, all the bricks do lay as stretchers on the faces of walls.
  • This pattern is used only for half brick thick walls i.e. 9cm, so while partition walls, sleeper walls, division walls or chimney stacks.
  • This bond is not possible if the thickness of the wall is more.

Header Bond

Type of Bond, Test on Bricks, Stretcher Bond, Header Bond, English Bond, Flemish Bond, Masons tools in Brick masonry
  • It is that bond in which all the bricks are laid as headers on the faces of walls.
  • The pattern does use only if the thickness of the wall is complete brick i.e. 19 cm.
  • There is the use of three-quarter bats in each alternate course because of quoins.
  • This bond is normally suitable in the case of curved walls but is not preferred for straight walls while it does not have strength in the direction of the wall.

English Bond

Type of Bond, Test on Bricks, Stretcher Bond, Header Bond, English Bond, Flemish Bond, Masons tools in Brick masonry
  • This is the most commonly related bond, for all wall thicknesses. This bond does consider to do the strongest.
  • This bond consists of alternative courses of headers also stretchers.
  • To break vertical joints in the successive courses, it is essential to place the queen closer after the first header quoin header in any heading course.

Flemish Bond

Type of Bond, Test on Bricks, Stretcher Bond, Header Bond, English Bond, Flemish Bond, Masons tools in Brick masonry
  • In the type of bond, every course does comprise alternate headers also stretchers.
  • Any other course starts with a header Quoin header on this corner. Quoin closers do place next to that quoin header in alternate courses to develop this face lap.
  • Every header is centrally supported over the stretcher below it.